What Is Periodontics?
Periodontics is the field of dentistry that is concerned with the support structures for the teeth, primarily the gums. Periodontal tissue is the official name for the gum tissue that helps to hold the teeth in place. The most common condition affecting the gum is periodontal disease, better known as gum disease. Gum disease is a bacterial infection of the gums caused by plaque and calculus that accumulate on the teeth. Periodontics primarily treats gum disease and the resulting damage it causes.
Benefits of Periodontics
Periodontics provides many oral and dental health benefits:
- Treat gum disease. Periodontal care can eliminate the source of gum disease and treat the infection.
- Prevent gum disease. Periodontal maintenance prevents gum disease from recurring after treatment.
- Repair damage caused by gum disease. Periodontics also includes procedures to repair damage to the gums and jaw bone caused by gum disease.
- Improve support for the teeth. Periodontal care improves the support structures for the teeth, preventing teeth from loosening and keeping them in place.
Periodontal Maintenance Program
Home care is an extremely important part of maintaining healthy teeth and gums, but even excellent home care cannot prevent bacteria and plaque. If the plaque is not removed, it can harden, becoming calculus. We will recommend a periodontal maintenance program that is best for you based on how quickly you develop calculus and your past and current periodontal health. During your maintenance visits, we will perform an oral examination as well as a dental cleaning.
Scaling and Root Planing
Scaling and root planing is a non-surgical procedure used to treat gum disease. During the scaling process, specialized dental instruments are used to remove dental plaque and calculus from beneath the gums. Planing is the procedure used to smooth the tooth’s root after the scaling process. Root planing helps the gums heal and reattach themselves to a cleaner and smoother root surface.
Crown lengthening is commonly used to expose more tooth structure, crown lengthening involves the removal of gum tissue and/or bone to expose more of a tooth’s structure.
Bone grafting is the replacement or enhancement of bone around teeth. When a tooth is lost, the surrounding bone collapses. Bone grafting is performed to reverse bone loss or enhance bone. The bone can be taken from parts of the body or from synthetic material. Bone grafting allows for proper support of dental implants or prostheses.
Frequently Asked Questions About Periodontal Care
To learn more, call 915-585-2020 or contact us today to schedule an appointment.